The Facts About High Cholesterol In Kids

Kids aren’t often associated with heart disease, the leading cause of death in the U.S. Children are often at risk for developing heart disease and stroke. Kids’ cholesterol levels are commonly high or abnormal, increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Dr. Nivedita Patni, a pediatric endocrinologist, said, “People may feel that cholesterol is primarily an adult issue, which is incorrect. ” Children between the ages of 6 and 19 have cholesterol levels that are high or abnormal.

Children with high cholesterol are often unaware of the problem because it is not symptomatic and cannot be detected by blood tests. Dr. Stephen Daniels, pediatrician-in-chief, says, “I think it’s essential for parents to be aware that their children could have high cholesterol.

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Kids With High Cholesterol Are At Risk

There is no inherent goodness or badness in cholesterol. Our bodies produce this fat in all their cells, which is essential in synthesizing various valuable substances. Heart disease and stroke can be increased by dyslipidemia, which causes the buildup of plaques in our arteries made of cholesterol and fats.

Thankfully, heart attacks and strokes in children are sporadic, but dyslipidemia in children tends to persist into adulthood. In most cases, high or abnormal cholesterol can be successfully treated if detected early.

Wide Range Of Treatment Options

The cause of childhood dyslipidemia can be genetic or lifestyle-related. A genetic mutation increases the risk of gene dyslipidemia. Obesity and excess weight are typically associated with lifestyle-related dyslipidemia.

Daniels said, ” In many cases, we see kids with familial hypercholesterolemia who are normal weight, and you wouldn’t expect them to have high cholesterol.” Over the past 30 years, childhood obesity has increased and tripled in adolescents.

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Screening Is Important

According to current guidelines, children should be screened universally and selectively if they pose an exceptionally high risk. Having a family history of high cholesterol, heart disease, stroke, or being overweight or obese, doctors screen young children as young as 2.

Puberty can decrease cholesterol and lipid levels, so screening before and after puberty is more accurate. Screening levels in pediatrics and general practices are improving but could be better.

The bottom line is that early detection of high or abnormal cholesterol could have significant long-term health consequences.